October: Breast Cancer Awareness Month


In 2009, the Canadian Expert Panel on Tobacco Smoke and Breast Cancer Risk concluded that smoking is associated with breast cancer and that there is a consistent causality between second-hand smoke exposure and premenopausal breast cancer (1).
The International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), evaluated the results of numerous studies and concluded that evidence for tobacco smoke carcinogenicity in breast cancer exists (2). 

The European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study found higher risk of breast cancer for former/current smokers or those exposed to second-hand smoke (3). Other risk factors are: the duration of smoking, number of cigarettes smoked, age at initiation, and years of cessation (4,5). 

References

1. Johnson KC, Miller AB, Collishaw NE, et al. Active smoking and secondhand smoke increase breast cancer risk: the report of the Canadian expert panel on tobacco smoke and breast cancer risk (2009). Tob Control. 2011;20(1):e2.

2. Secretan B, Straif K, Baan R, et al; WHO International Agency for Research on Cancer Monograph Working Group. A review of human carcinogens-Part E: tobacco, areca nut, alcohol, coal smoke, and salted fish. Lancet Oncol. 2009;10(11):1033–1034.

3. Dossus L, Boutron-Ruault MC, Kaaks R, et al. Active and passive cigarette smoking and breast cancer risk: results from the EPIC cohort. Int J Cancer. 2014;134:1871–1888.

4. Xue F, Willett WC, Rosner BA, Hankinson SE, Michels KB. Cigarette smoking and the incidence of breast cancer. Arch Intern Med. 2011;171(2):125–133.

5. Gaudet MM, Carter BD, Brinton LA, et al. Pooled analysis of active cigarette smoking and invasive breast cancer risk in 14 cohort studies. Int J Epidemiol. Epub 2016 Dec 28.

World No Tobacco Day 2024

The Member States of the World Health Organization created World No Tobacco Day in 1987 to draw global attention to the tobacco epidemic and the preventable death and disease...

Read more
Joint Press Release: European Societies call for an EU Endgame on Tobacco

30 May, Brussels – Ahead of World No Tobacco Day 2024, European scientific, healthcare professional and other civil society organisations call for an EU Endgame on Tobacco.  Noting the official...

Read more
Global Youths’ Declaration Takes Aim at Tobacco Industry Accountability

Global Youth Voices, a movement of youth-led organizations representing over a million of youth worldwide, has come together on a groundbreaking declaration to hold the tobacco industry accountable and...

Read more