Tobacco – accepted pandemic?


Motto:

Tobacco use is unlike other threats to global health. Infectious diseases do not employ multinational public relations firms. There are no front groups to promote the spread of cholera. Mosquitoes have no lobbyists[i].

Cornel RADU-LOGHIN / European Network for Smoking and Tobacco Prevention

It has been known for over 400 years that tobacco use is “A custome lothsome to the eye, hatefull to the Nose, harmefull to the braine, dangerous to the Lungs, and in the blacke stinking fume thereof, neerest resembling the horrible Stigian[ii]smoke of the pit that is bottomelesse.[iii] and in all these years it has scientifically proved that tobacco consumption is the leading cause of preventable death. This is already a slogan often used in the medical world, so often that sometimes it goes unnoticed. So, year after year, we have reached the situation where at present 27% of all cancers are attributed to tobacco use[iv].

There are only few countries where politicians have reached a sufficiently high level of understanding and / or acceptance of the relationship between the money from tobacco taxes that fuels national budgets (or own pockets in the case of the corrupt ones) and the health of citizens they represent by the functions they have. In many other countries, tobacco control policies are manipulated or even controlled by the tobacco industry. The wolf guarding the sheep.

The tobacco industry’s arguments as “big taxpayers” to national budgets are totally false for at least two reasons:

1 – That money does not come from industry but from citizens who consume tobacco products. If they did not consume those products, the money would no longer be “burned” or “vaped” but used for healthier, better purposes such as a healthier diet, education, culture. The taxes would of course be collected by the state in this situation as well.

2 – When declaring themselves “big taxpayers” those in the tobacco industry “forget” to mention the burden caused in health systems by the products they sell. Treating diseases caused by tobacco (cancer, cardiovascular, lung, etc.) involves very high costs for health systems.

Where is the money? When will this deadly industry really pay for the damages they caused?[v]

At the same time, globally, the tobacco control community bases its activities on totally insufficient resources compared to the scale of the disaster caused by tobacco.

Worldwide more than 7 million deaths per year are caused by tobacco consumption. If the pattern all over the globe doesn’t change, more than 8 million people a year will die from diseases related to tobacco use by 2030[vi]. For comparison, the COVID-19 pandemic caused less than 4 million deaths in more than a year (March 2020 – June 2021)[vii] and the amounts invested in combating this pandemic and its effects are astronomical.

What are we heading for? How many more people have to die from tobacco use so that politicians tip the scales in favor of public health?

ENSP has included since 2011 in the network Statutes[viii] the objective to reduce the prevalence of tobacco use in Europe to less than 5% by 2040. This objective was reiterated and strengthened in 2017 by the Athens Declaration[ix] and after 10 years, in 2021, the European Commission included in Europe’s Beating Cancer Plan the same goal of creating a tobacco-free generation in Europe, where less than 5% of people use tobacco by 2040.[x]

Is this the moment of truth? Did the European Union’s decision-makers finally understand the true dimension of the tobacco pandemic?

Unfortunately, the first step taken by the EC in the new EU4Health Programme by the absence of operational grants in the EU4Health 2021 Work Programme[xi] for organizations active in the field of public health is a very disappointing one[xii].

Could this be also a result of pressure from hundreds of lobbyists paid by the tobacco industry in Brussels?

In the coming months and years, we will find the answer to all questions above…


[i] Thomas Zeltner, MD, David A. Kessler, MD, Anke Martiny, PhD, Fazel Randera, MD – World Health Organization (WHO). Tobacco Company Strategies to Undermine Tobacco Control Activities at the World Health Organization: Report of the Committee of Experts on Tobacco Industry Documents, July 2000 [monograph on the Internet]. Geneva: World Health Organization. Available from: http://www.who.int/tobacco/en/who_inquiry.pdf

[ii]Styx- infernal river

[iii]King James I of England – A Counterblaste to Tobacco. Available from:http://www.laits.utexas.edu/poltheory/james/blaste/blaste.html

[iv]World No Tobacco Day 2021: Statement by Health and Food Safety Commissioner Stella Kyriakides – https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/statement_21_2761

[v] How Can People Living with NCDs Make Tobacco Companies Pay? https://exposetobacco.org/resource/ncd-tobacco-liability/

[vi]Center for Diseases Control and Prevention – Smoking and Tobacco use – Fast facts – https://www.cdc.gov/tobacco/data_statistics/fact_sheets/fast_facts/index.htm

[vii] World Health Organization – Coronavirus (COVID-19) Dashboard – https://covid19.who.int/

[viii] European Network for Smoking and Tobacco Prevention Statutes – http://ensp.network/wp-content/uploads/2016/07/ENSP-statutes-2011.pdf

[ix] ENSP Athens Declaration – http://ensp.network/athens-declaration/

[x] European Commission press release 20 May 2021 – EU Tobacco Products Directive is delivering but stronger action is needed – https://ec.europa.eu/commission/presscorner/detail/en/ip_21_2563

[xi] 2021 EU4Health work programme – https://ec.europa.eu/health/sites/default/files/funding/docs/wp2021_annex_en.pdf

[xii] The EU4Health 2021 Work Programme: a missed opportunity to support European health NGOs to play their key role in the COVID-19 pandemic and beyond – https://epha.org/the-eu4health-2021-work-programme-a-missed-opportunity-to-support-european-health-ngos/

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